OVERVIEW OF THE CAUSES OF ANXIETY FOR HEALTH WORKERS IN HOSPITALS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Noelio Auxilio Pedro Martins, Levi Anatolia S. M. Exposto, Santiago Jorge
Pereira, Rogerio Fontes
Universidade da Paz, Dili, Timor-Leste
Health workers play an important role in handling COVID-19 which has to deal with patients who continue to arrive, claiming many lives and even uncertain when it ends, so they experience psychological problems including anxiety. High anxiety can make the body's resistance decrease as a result of the risk of contracting COVID -19. Knowing the description of the causes of anxiety experienced by health workers in hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research design is literature review with a systematic review approach. Secondary data sources in the form of articles are taken from three data bases (PubMed, ProQuest and Google Scholar). The criteria for articles reviewed are a publication period of 5-10 years, in Indonesian and English, original articles and available in full text. Articles that deserve to be reviewed are 10 articles, namely two in Indonesian and eight articles in English. The factors causing anxiety of health workers are mostly social factors. The dominant biological factors causing anxiety are age and sex. The psychological factor causing anxiety is the frequency of suspected infection either health workers themselves, family or colleagues. Social factors causing anxiety are the availability of PPE, both social and hospital support and the position of health workers in the workplace (frontline).
The causes of anxiety in hospitals are biological factors, psychological factors and social factors. Therefore, health care workers improve their ability to provide services and work in accordance with established operational standards so as to reduce anxiety experienced.
Keywords: anxiety; health workers in hospitals; covid-19 pandemic