ANALYSIS OF AVAILABILITY AND CONDITION OF BASIC SANITATION FACILITIES IN HATO-LULI SUB-VILLAGE, MAUBISSE VILLAGE, MAUBISSE SUB-DISTRICT, AINARO DISTRICT.
Rogerio Fontes, Santiago Jorge Pereira, Levi Anatoli S. M. Exposto, Leonardo Ximenes Noelio Auxilio Pedro Martins
Department of Environmental Health, Department of Biostatistics and Health Information, Department of Nursing,
Faculty of Public Health and Medical Science
Universidade da Paz (UNPAZ), Dili, Timor-Leste
Sanitation is an effort to control several physical environmental factors so as to prevent the emergence of diseases that affect humans, especially things that have a damaging effect on human physical development, health, and survival. Several environmental health requirements that must be met by every family to fulfill their daily needs are known as basic sanitation, which includes the provision of clean water, family latrine facilities, garbage disposal facilities, and waste water disposal facilities. Therefore, the availability and conditions of these facilities need to be considered. Analysis of the availability and condition of basic sanitation facilities in the Hato-Luli sub-village, Maubisse Village, Maubisse Sub-district, Ainaro District, Timor-Leste. The results showed that the sources of drinking water in Hato-Luli Village consisted of 72.2% piped water, 20.8% well water, and 6.9% from rivers and gutters. Latrine conditions, which use water at 66.67%, do not use water at 29.17%, and other types use 4.17%. In terms of the cleanliness of the latrines, they were clean 33.3%, less clean 63.9%, and dirty 2.8%. Those that have garbage dumps (56%, have and don't use 41%, don't have 67.4%. The data shows that the percentage of people not having a garbage dump is still high, at 67.4%.
Conditions of environmental sanitation in the Hato-Luli sub-village, Maubisse Village, Maubisse Sub-district, and Ainaro District were said to be not good, judging from the indicators of the conditions of the latrines, sewerage, garbage dump, and healthy homes, which did not meet health requirements because there were still people who did not know the importance of maintaining environmental sanitation.
Keywords: Availability, Condition, Sanitation